Often times, people like to use science to describe or even prove religion, for example, evolution. But what specifically are each of these terms and their relationship together? Science is a way to explain what happens in nature or why nature is the way it is. Religion is similar in that explains why things are the way that they are, but they don’t really specify in nature too much, or at least where Christianity is concerned. In the Bible, we are given the explanation for how the world, man, and the universe were created. We are shown the purpose of the rainbow, and why some of the geography is the way it is. It discusses it at a very basic level.
On the other hand, science tries to go as in depth and specific as possible. The only things that are stated are the things that can be proven. The things that cannot be proven are called theories, and they stay theories until someone figures out a way to crack to their code, which then makes it becomes a fact and no longer a theory. For example, if a person wanted to know how to make a plant grow, they could look in a book and look at the properties of a plant that have been analyzed. Therefor by gathering information about the plant, you can discern that plants need water and sunlight to grow. But science is not limited to fact; science can also be proven through observation. Going back to the plant example, if you give a plant water and sunlight, it will start to grow. If you just let it sit there by itself, it will die. Thus through observation, we can discern that plants need water and sunlight to survive.
Here’s where the main difference between religion and science comes to light: observation. Of course, we can observe rainbows in the sky, but we can’t technically prove that they came from God, unless someone observed God putting the rainbow in the sky. But just because you cannot observe it, doesn’t mean that it isn’t true. With the naked eye, humans cannot observe electrons, neutrons, and protons and how they interact with each other. In fact, 90% of electrical engineering is based on millions of math equations, formulas, and theories about trying to prove how these three things interact. They don’t actually see any of it happening, but that doesn’t mean that what they were studying is wrong at all.
A lot of people argue that science and religion have little correlation and we shouldn’t use one to explain the other. I don’t think that this is the case. I would now like to discuss the flagellum. The flagellum is a machine that lives within a cell. It has parts like a hook, a motor, a filament, and some membrane and stuff. Flagellum is Latin for “whip” because the cell needs a few whip-like structures in order to get things done. They’re main function is to move a cell through sperm or bacteria. I remember learning about it during 10th grade biology. Mrs. Zachey was telling us that there’s no way the flagellum could’ve happened by chance. The motor alone is so complex and so tiny and there are so many of them within each cell, and in just one thimble of water can contain about 4 billion cells. The flagellum is just one example of how science and religion interact, but it is a pretty big one.
Now how does philosophy fit into all of this? Honestly I think the class we are taking this year is a philosophy class with an emphasis on Christianity, when shouldn’t it be the other way around? Shouldn’t it be learning how to defend our Christian worldview? ANYWAYS….. I think that religion is somehow apart of every aspect of your life, big or small, at least in Christianity. So from this perspective, I’ve already shown how science and religion interact, but how do religion and philosophy interact? According to Thomas Aquinas, “The philosopher considers the nature of things as they are in themselves, whereas the theologian considers them in their relation to God conceived as being both their origin and their end.” Thomas is saying here that Christians base everything in philosophy, science, or just in general, in accordance to God and the gospel. Furthermore, proverbs 2:6 comments, “For the Lord gives wisdom; from His mouth come knowledge and understanding.” Knowledge and wisdom come from God, thus Christians use Him and His words as the basis for everything.